The incident

As a vessel was approaching the port, an AB was preparing the mooring ropes. The stern lines were put partly around a bollard with a bight at a right angle to the normal pull direction. After the AB had prepared the mooring lines, the Third Officer joined him.

GET THE SAFETY4SEA IN YOUR INBOX!

First the spring lines were sent ashore and made fast. The Master was on the bridge and he put the engine pitch to zero, enabling the ship a slight forward moment. The rudder was hard to starboard as the vessel was berthing port side alongside. After the spring lines were secured the heaving line was connected to both stern lines.

The Chief Officer came to the stern to assist and took charge of the mooring winch. The Third Officer walked to the stern railing by the fairlead.

The linesmen shouted that they were ready to receive the stern lines, so the AB began to lower the stern lines into the water. He was facing the mooring winch and had his back to the Third Officer by the railing.

He let the mooring lines run out at a very high speed. Suddenly the Third Officer started to scream. The AB turned around and saw that the Third Officer was caught between the mooring line and the fairlead. The mooring line’s speed was now so fast that it cut through the Officer’s clothes and he was bleeding badly. In fact, the mooring line was cutting through the Third Officer’s leg which was cut off just below the knee.

The Chief Officer realized that the mooring rope was stuck in the propeller and screamed over the VHF to the Master to stop the engine. The Master pushed the emergency stop and the propeller stopped.

The Third Officer was still standing but in severe shock and he finally collapsed. The Chief Officer ran over to give first aid and the gangway was rigged. A first aid team from shore side came on board and helped.

After about 30 minutes an ambulance arrived and took the Officer to hospital. The Third Officer survived, but is now disabled and can never work at sea again.

Probable cause

The vessel had a risk assessment for the mooring operation, but it did not incorporate the risk of the mooring line getting stuck in the propeller, as the mooring line should be floating in normal circumstances. This time the mooring line was lowered too quickly and ended up under the surface. The propeller blades are only 2 metres below the surface so the lines were sucked into the propeller.

Another factor was that the mooring line was partly around the bollard, with a bight and a right angle to the normal pull direction. This arrangement caused the snapback zone to cover the entire area between the bollard and railing. When the rope ran out rapidly and got caught in the propeller it snapped back to where the Third Officer was standing. The Officer was outside the normal snapback zone, showing the importance of evaluating each situation independently. Despite being a normal operation, mooring is also a high risk operation and the risks need to be evaluated every time.

Lessons learned

After the incident, the Swedish Club concluded to the following lessons:

  • It is important to always be aware of your surroundings and not stand too close to fairleads and ropes. Inexperienced crew members should be trained about these risks;
  • When lines are prepared on deck the line-up should be in direct line with the expected movement of the rope;
  • When passing lines to shore, they should be controlled and slowly passed to prevent the lines running below the water. This is also applicable for floating mooring lines.