Specifically, according to the Club, bags are frequently seen to be torn due to accidental or, more commonly, deliberate rough handling:
- Bags often weigh up to 50kg and are consequentially difficult to manually handle. Stevedores therefore make up sling loads in the cargo hold wings which are then dragged over the top layers of the stow to the square of the hatch with resulting damage to and spillage from the bags.
- Shore winchmen deliberately causing slung bags to rupture by hitting the load against the hatch coamings when lifting from the cargo holds.
- Bags are deliberately slit or holed by the stevedores using hidden blades, knives, or by the use of stevedores’, dockers’ hooks.
Then, stevedores collect the resulting spillage to fill small containers and bags, which they then attempt to smuggle ashore at the end of the day’s work.
In light of these events, the Club recommends what actions should be taken by the owners and Masters to help reduce pilferage of bagged food cargoes, including:
- Assign a crew member to observe operations – one per each working hatch, so far as manning and compliance with hours of rest regulations allow.
- The duty deck officer should maintain a roving patrol of the cargo operations, visiting each working hold frequently.
- Anyone seen inside a cargo hold, or on deck who does not appear to be a stevedore should be asked to leave.
- If theft is observed – tell them to stop and inform the stevedore foreman.
- If it can be done discretely, take photographic evidence. Overt photography should be avoided to prevent the stevedores becoming agitated.
- Issue Notes of Protest to all concerned parties.
- Place charterers on notice.
- Employ reliable private security guards, dogs can also be a useful deterrent. Local correspondents will be able to recommend reliable service providers.
- Instruct a protective surveyor to monitor operations.
- Shut and secure all cargo spaces not being worked.
In the possibility that pilferage begin to escalate out of control, the vessel may threaten to close the hatch covers and suspend cargo operations until all parties agree an appropriate course of action.
Yet, an action light this should be conducted after thought, as both owners and the local Club correspondent should be consulted first.
If it is necessary to halt cargo operations due to pilferage, the stoppage should be kept to an absolute minimum as the port authority may order the vessel to vacate the berth if there are other vessels waiting to discharge, and / or they may impose a fine for occupying a berth while idle.