In its 2018 Maritime Transport Review, UNCTAD informed that in 2017, total newbuilding delivery amounted to 65 million gt, equivalent to 5.2% of the start-of-year fleet in 2017. Meanwhile in 2017, 23 million gt were scrapped leading to a net growth in world fleet of 42 million gt, equivalent to a growth rate of 3.3%.
While previous reports from global NGOs have shown that the current EU list with approved ship recycling facilities can accommodate the numbers and sizes of EU-flagged ships that are scrapped every year, ECSA noted that non-EU facilities should be included in the list, provided that they comply with requirements.
Mr. Henning Gramann, CEO at GSR Services GmbH, talks about latest developments concerning ship breaking, highlighting that proper planning and assistance by experts is required for the preparation of an Inventory of Hazardous Material (IHM), as required by HKC and EU-SRR.
Although the industry wants low-cost shipbreaking yards to be added to the EU approved facilities to meet demand from vessels bound by the bloc’s ship recycling law, a new report by NGOs Shipbreaking Platform and T&E shows the current EU list can accommodate the EU-flagged ships scrapped every year.
The International Ship Recycling Association (ISRA) argued that the EU recycling capacity will possibly cope with the expected demand of end of life EU flagged ships, as the current listed EU capacity to recycle ships amounts only about 1,3 million LDT.
Mr. Henning Gramann, CEO at GSR Services, talks about an interesting project in which his team was involved with the aim to change the image of beaching in India substantially. In particular, Mr Gramann describes the process, from the beginning till the end, toward responsible ship recycling of the HMNZS Endeavour in Alang shipyard in compliance with Hong Kong Convention, EU-Ship Recycling Regulation and Basel Convention. As explained, proper planning and assistance by experts to develop all necessary documents (such as IHM Part I and II) are of outmost importance for conducting responsible recycling.
The video provides a timelapse of a ship breaking procedure in the world’s largest ship recycling facility, in Alang, India. Alang has been found several times at the centre of global criticism regarding the unsafe working conditions and environmentally unsustainable practices, as Bangladeshi and Pakistani shipbreaking yards.
Seatrade sentence by a Dutch court in March, on the basis of the EU Waste Shipment Regulation, sends a very clear message that any intentional violation of this regulation will no longer go overlooked, argued Ms. Alexandra Mikelis, Associate Solicitor, Norton Rose Fulbright LLP.
Rohit Agarwal, Ship Recycling Expert at GSR Sentinels LLP, shares his view on the ship recycling industry at Alang. Mr. Agarwal says that India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have the ideal tidal conditions for ship breaking. However, the ship recycling industry has been using unacceptable conditions. Nevertheless, this seems to be changing as the Hong Kong Convention sets standards to ensure safe ship recycling.
In its recently published figures for the second quarter of 2018, NGO Shipbreaking Platform informed that a total of 220 ships were dismantled, 169 of which were sold to South Asian recycling yards for ‘dirty and dangerous breaking’. Also in this period, a total of 8 deaths and 9 injuries were recorded in these yards.
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